Ritratto di Pupil Helpmate
Pupil Helpmate
Pupil Helpmate

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Characteristics of the research steps

The problem must be feasible and provide real benefits to for the participants in the study. It must then be named - the topic. It needs to be original, with an element of surprise. It must be something that can be done relatively quickly. The research paper should include a discussion. To find out how to write a discussion in a research paper click here

You need to decide why this particular problem needs to be studied at the present time - relevance. The research paper should formulate an objective - what kind of result. The aim of the research work should be stated - what outcome is expected to be achieved, and what is the outline of this outcome before it is achieved. Usually the aim is to investigate certain phenomena. It is important to distinguish between a hypothesis and a defence. A hypothesis is an anticipation of events, probable knowledge, not yet proven. An initial hypothesis is neither true nor false.

Not false - it is simply not proven.

A defensible position is something that the researcher sees and others do not notice.
The position is either confirmed or rejected in the process. The hypothesis must be it must be well-founded, i.e. supported by literature and logical considerations.
After defining the aim and hypothesis, the research objectives are formulated. Objectives and aims - are not the same thing. A research paper may have only one aim, but it may have several objectives.

Tell what you are going to do. The formulation of the objectives is closely linked to the structure. The formulation of objectives is closely linked to the structure of the research. There may be separate objectives for the theoretical part and for the experimental. The paper should include a literature review, i.e. a summary of what is known about the phenomenon under study. What is known about the phenomenon studied, in what direction the research of other authors. In the review you must show that you are familiar with the field of research from several sources, that you are setting a new challenge, rather than doing something that has been done before. Then .
your research methodology. This must be presented in full detail in the it must be present in the text of the piece of work. This is a description of what the researcher did to prove the hypothesis.

Next, the results of the study are presented. The author's own data from the research from the research. The data obtained should be compared with
scientific sources from the literature review of the problem and establish the regularities the findings of the study.

The novelty of the results should be noted, what has been done that has not been noticed by others, which results have been obtained for the first time. What shortcomings of the practice can be corrected with the help of the findings of the study.

You should clearly understand the difference between the working data and the data, the data presented in the body of the work. The research often produces a large body of numbers that do not need to be presented in the text. For this reason, the working data are processed and and present only the most necessary ones. However, it should be remembered that someone may want to get acquainted with the primary research material. In order not to overload the main body of the paper.
To avoid overloading the main body of the paper, primary material can be presented in an appendix.

The most advantageous form of data presentation is graphical, which makes it as easy as possible for the reader to understand the text. Always put yourself in the reader's shoes.
The paper ends with conclusions. Which thesis, in the order of the tasks, the results of the study. The conclusions are short answers to the question of how the research objectives have been met.
The research objectives have been achieved.

Key steps in a research paper:

  • Find a problem - what to study.
  • Theme - what to call it.
  • Relevance - why do we need to study it.
  • Purpose of the study - what is the intended outcome.
  • Hypothesis - what is not obvious about the subject.
  • Novelty - what new findings are found in the study.
  • Research objectives - what to do - theoretically and experimentally.
  • Literature review - what is already known about the problem.
  • Research methodology - how and what was investigated.
  • Results of the study - own data.
  • Conclusions - brief responses to the objectives.
  • Significance - how the results impact on practice.
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